panchakki aurangabad photos images

Panchakki in Aurangabad: An Ancient Engineering Marvel!

Panchakki in Aurangabad is an unusual type of tourist attraction which is a grinding mill based on water mechanism.

Location: Panchakki, Aurangabad, Maharashtra (India) – 431001.

Best Time To Visit: October to February is an ideal time to visit Panchakki and Aurangabad. The weather of Aurangabad remains pleasant during these months.

Panchakki in Aurangabad Information

Panchakki is basically a griding-mill that runs off a water mechanism in an Aurangabad city of Maharashtra. Unlike other tourist spots, it is a unique tourist attraction which was built in the 17th century. The water mill shows early Indian architecture and was built to work purely on scientific principles. Panchakki in Aurangabad used to generate the electricity from water falling from a spring.

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©Fredric Cruz

The main function of this machine was to grind the grains to feed military troops, saints & devotees coming to Aurangabad in the early 17th century. At the time of its construction, it was a unique marvel of engineering. It is one of the best tourist spots in Aurangabad. It serves as a good outing place for family and history lovers.

Panchakki Architecture

It was built in 1734 by Hazrat Baba Shah Musafir. The Panchakki in Aurangabad consists of a madrasa, a court, a mosque, house of minister, few houses for females and a sarai. An underground water stream from a tributary of a well above Harsul river is a source of steady water supply to Panchakki. This source of water is said to be 6 km away from the city. The underground water stream is comprised of earthen pipes.

panchakki aurangabad photos images

©Arjun apschabba

Water is then raised by a siphon to the top of the rectangular masonry pillar from where water is stored in a reservoir at a higher elevation from the Panchakki. Then the water is released from that high elevation so that it can get more velocity to rotate the turbine like the setup. Hence electricity is generated with the help of fastly moving water stream and the extra amount of water is further released into Kham River.

Water flows down from this reservoir 24 hours a day throughout the 365 days of the year. Even today, Panchakki in Aurangabad is still in a working condition. There is a big banyan tree on the southern side of the reservoir that adds beauty to this structure.

What To See

  • Wakf Board: Currently, the Panchakki serves as a headquarters of Wakf Board of Maharashtra. Wakf means the permanent dedication by a person professing Islam, of any movable or immovable property for any purpose and recognized by the Muslim law as pious, religious or charitable.
  • Reservoir & Fountains: After 20 years of its construction, one elongated reservoir and fountains were built in the premises of Panchakki in Aurangabad by Jamil Beg Khan.
  • A library: Then after a long period of 70 years, a library was opened inside the Panchakki which had a collection of huge books and manuscripts. This library had about 1 lac books at the time of Independence but it was shut down in the 1970’s due to administrative reasons. So many of the library books were shifted to Hyderabad and now it has only 2,500 books. The copy of holy Quran inside this library golden covers on its both sides. The library has many books in Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages on different fields like medicine, law, history, philosophy, Sufism and religion.
  • Hazrat Baba Memorial: There is a memorial of Hazrat Baba Shah Musafir who was a Sufi saint and spiritual guru of Aurangzeb. He was buried at this place and the memorial garden is lined with many fish tanks. Hazrat Baba Shah Musafir was the founder of Panchakki as well as its library. He was originally from Bukhara (Gazdavan) in Russia and served as a spiritual guru of Aurangzeb.
  • Picturesque View: You can enjoy a beautiful view of the Kham River which makes this place a good place for photography. It has Kaula Nala on one side along with 2 layered pattern bridges and the Shah Musafir’s garden on another side.

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©Mohit Jain


How To Reach Panchakki in Aurangabad

Aurangabad is one of the popular tourist cities in Maharashtra. So you can easily reach here via road, railway and air. State transport (ST) and private tourist buses regularly ply to Aurangabad from all over the Maharashtra. Further, Panchakki is just 1 km away from the main city.

  • By Road: Ghati Bus Stop is the nearest bus station to reach Panchakki in Aurangabad.
  • Nearest Railway Station: Aurangabad station is the convenient railhead to reach this place. Aurangabad station has good connectivity to all major rail stations in Maharashtra.
  • Nearest Airport: Aurangabad airport is the closest airport to reach this place. The airport is about 12 km away from the from the Panchakki water mill. Taxies and other private vehicles are available outside the airport.

Staying Options / Accommodation: As Aurangabad is very popular city among tourists, there are various accommodation options in the city. You can even check hotels of Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) facilities at this link.

Eating Stuff / Restaurants Nearby: There are various restaurants nearby Panchakki in Aurangabad to have food. Swad Restaurant, Mughal Corner, Chinese Griu Fast Food, Manoj Restaurant, Tazeera Restaurant, National Deluxe and Ismail Darbar Restaurant are some of the nice eat out points.

Panchakki Aurangabad Timings

The Panchakki remains open to visitors between the time of sunrise to sunset.

Time Required: 1 hour is enough to see the Panchakki in Aurangabad.

Entry Charges: Rs.5/- per person for Indian tourists and Rs.100/- per person for foreign tourists.

Contact Number: +91-2402343169

Map To Reach:

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Nearby Attractions:

Aurangabad Caves, Bibi Ka Maqbara, Daulatabad Fort, Chand Minar, Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves are nearby tourist attractions to this place. Other places of religious & historical significance near this place are Mughal Palace, Jain Temple, Hemadpanthi Temple-mosque, Jama Masjid, Sunheri Mahal, Purwar Museum and Chini Mahal.

Panchakki in Aurangabad gives a nice option to explore the ancient engineering & history of Aurangabad. Apart from this spot, these are the must seeing monuments in Maharashtra!