pandavleni caves images

Pandavleni Caves Nashik: Buddhist Caves On Mountain Top!

Pandavleni Caves Nashik or Pandulena Caves or Trirashmi caves are among popular cave structures in Maharashtra. These are Hinayana Buddhist type of caves.

Location Address: On Mumbai-Agra Highway, Nashik, Maharashtra (India).
Best Time To Visit: Tourists can visit these caves at any time of the year. However, July to February is the best time to visit these caves when tourists can also see scenic views of the surroundings!
Elevation/Formation: 1st Century BC to 4th Century AD

Pandavleni Caves Nashik Information

Also known as Pandulena Caves or Trirashmi Caves, these are one of the landmarks & most visited spots in Nashik city of Maharashtra. These caves lie on Trirashmi mountains near Nashik city of Maharashtra. Though caves are quite close to the city, they offer very peaceful and ambient environment. As the caves lie on high mountains, tourists get fine panoramic views of the surrounding region from Pandavleni caves Nashik.

pandavleni nashik photos

©Prachi Vik

These caves lie 9 km away from South to the core of Nashik city. This spot is one of the best attractions of Nashik city. There are steps from the base of the mountain that tourists can easily climb to reach the top. There are close to 200 steps to climb! 

Many people visit Pandavleni caves Nashik to enjoy short trekking. Especially in monsoon season when the mountain gives birth to many waterfalls and lush greenery. There is a Dadasaheb Phalke Smarak at the foot of the Pandavleni Caves that displays the work of Dadasaheb Phalke. It has musical fountains, museums and food outlets.

Pandavleni History

Pandavleni caves Nashik were carved out in the hills by ancient Jain kings to keep idols of Gods, Bodhisattva and Lord Buddha. Another reason behind the creation of these caves is to provide the space to months for living & meditating peacefully. Though the name of this spot is Pandavleni, it has no connection with Pandav brothers from the Mahabharata. According to experts, these caves are of a same age of Karla caves near Lonavala.

pandavleni images

©Brett Novak


There are various viharas (monasteries), Chaityas (shrines), water tanks, pillars and carvings inside these caves. The Pandavleni caves Nashik dates back to the 3rd century BC and the 2nd century AD. These are the total of 24 Buddhist caves and holds a vital importance. Cave number 3 and 10 are most attractive among all caves.,

  • Inscriptions: There are many rare inscriptions inside the caves which serve as an interesting part of a study for researchers & historians. Specially the writings in the cave number 18 is a point of interest among historians. Cave number 15 has an inscription about the last king of Satvahan – Shri Yajna Satkarni (King of Western Maharashtra).
  • Sculptures: Beautiful sculptures of popular persons like Ambikadevi, Jain Tirthankar Rishabh and Veer Manibhadraji.
  • Chambers: There are few big rock cut chambers in these caves which were used by Buddhist monks as monasteries for their meditation & teaching sessions.
  • Water Structures: Pandavleni caves Nashik have an impressive water management system. Various rocks have been cut carefully to give a direction to flowing water. In the same way, storage water tanks made of the rocks are present.
  • Stone Ladders: Few structures inside the cave complex are interconnected by ladders carved out in the stone.

pandavleni caves images

©Soham Sakalikar


Pandavleni Caves Timings/ Opening Hours

Caves remain open every day between 08:00 am to 05:30 pm.

Time Required: About 3 hours are good to see caves properly.

Difficulty Level: The climb to the top of the mountain is simple. Steps are nicely maintained and easy to climb!

How to Reach Pandavleni Caves

Nashik has good connectivity to major parts of Maharashtra by road, railway and air. Pandavleni caves Nashik are situated exactly on the Mumbai-Agra highway. You can literally see them while traveling on this road. So reaching over here is not difficult!

  • By Road: Being one of the major tourist cities in Maharashtra, you can easily reach Nashik by road. A large number of MSRTC and private buses ply between Nashik and other cities in Maharashtra. NH-3 (Mumbai-Agra Highway) also passes through the Nashik and many sub roads joins this highway nearby Nashik. After reaching Nashik you can catch private vehicles like auto-rickshaws till the caves.
  • Nearest Railway Station: Nashik road railway station is the closest railhead to reach these caves. The distance between station and caves is 14 km. It is amongst the top 100 booking stations of Indian Railway. So this station has amazing connectivity to various cities in Maharashtra like Mumbai, Pune, Thane, Aurangabad, Jalna, Parbhani, Nanded etc.
  • Nearest Airport: Gandhinagar airport (11 km away) of Nashik is the closest airport to Pandavleni caves Nashik. However, this airport has less number of flights. Mumbai airport is the another option 165 km away.
Entry Fee/Ticket Charges

They take nominal entry fee as Rs.2/person. Entry to children below 15 years is free. However, the entry is free on Fridays for all people. You can carry your cameras inside caves!

Accommodation/ Stating Options: There are many luxury, semi-luxury and budget hotels in Nashik city for accommodation purpose. You can easily find a hotel as per your requirement & budget!

Restaurants Nearby/ Eating Stuff: Food stalls are there at the base of the mountain. But kindly do not throw the litter in the vicinity of caves. Dump all plastics and other waste in a proper dust bin.

Attractions Near Pandavleni Caves Nashik:

Map To Reach:

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Pandavleni caves Nashik is a worth visiting spot in Nashik. If you are want to get amazing panoramic views of the city then this is a great spot!